Egypt overtakes China as importer of Ukrainian grain in 2020

Ukraine exported 56.5 million tonnes of grain in the 2019/2020 season (July-June), shipping it to 58 countries of the world. Corn represented the main portion with a share of 49.4%.

Egypt and China became the major importers of Ukrainian grain in the 2019/20 season with a combined volume of 13.3 million tonnes, according to a research paper, titled “Export of Grain from the Ports of Ukraine,” by Stark Shipping (it displays the period from July 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020).

Egypt imported 7.086 million tonnes of Ukrainian grain while China imported 6.204 million tonnes. Egypt in the 2019/2020 season increased grain imports by 2.3 million tonnes compared to the previous season.

Castles and Manors of Odessa

Castles and Manors of Odessa region

After countless wars, partitions and other political and social turbulences, the castles and manors are now part of Odessa’s historical heritage. And there are plenty of stories to be told, some are facts, other just the legends but they always belong to a place.

Vorontsov Palace

2a, Vorontsovsky lane

Vorontsov Palace is a cultural and historical monument of Odessa. It is located on Primorsky Boulevard, to the left side of the Duke monument, in the lane of the same name – Vorontsovsky lane. The palace was built on the site of a Turkish fortress captured under the leadership of José Deribas, and was the residence of the Governor-General Mikhail Vorontsov.

The magnificent palace in the Empire style, built in 1827 by the architect Boffo, has survived to this day and has become one of the Odessa attractions.

The Vorontsov Palace is surrounded by an open terrace facing the sea. The inner side of the palace is decorated with high columns of the Tuscan order with a portico; tiles with Arabic script are visible on the walls, reminiscent of the Turkish campaign of its owner. In the depths of the portico, there is a two-way bridge – the staircase of the main entrance, and on its roof there is a walking gallery with many cast-iron lanterns along the perimeter of the balustrade. On the side there is another portico, consisting of four columns, where you can see a miraculously preserved cast “three-headed” lantern.

Previously, the Vorontsovs’ palace and estate were fenced off from Primorsky Boulevard with a beautiful wrought-iron lattice. And the entrance was guarded by stone lions, planted on high pylons. In addition to the guard, two more lion heads, with rings in their teeth, were mounted in the grille. Once upon a time life was in full swing here: balls and receptions were held, the front doors were wide open, the lights were on in the large palace windows, speech was heard in all European languages ​​and there was talk about politics, trade and, of course, about love.

The interiors of the palace, created by the famous master, sculptor and painter Carlo Scotti – were truly luxurious. Lush gilding, rich stucco and expensive mosaics, Corinthian pilasters with semicircular niches for statues are all around. The fireplaces were distinguished by a special decoration: the birds and plants depicted on them were made of multi-colored stones. Taste and elegance were felt in everything – from amber door handles to ceiling paintings. Eyewitnesses of that time noted that the Vorontsov Palace was many times superior to its Italian counterparts in decoration and ornaments.

The famous palace has become a witness of many events in its lifetime. In 1854, on April 10, like the monument to Duke, it was subjected to blows by the British-French squadron during the Crimean War and was partially destroyed. It is interesting that the greatest treasure at that time for Vorontsov was not so much the palace itself as his books – the rich library. He gave the order to “securely hide rare books,” thanks to which the library was preserved and later donated to the university, where it is kept till today under the name of “Vorontsov Fund”.

During the revolution of 1917-1920, over the former mansion of Count Vorontsov a red flag fluttered in the wind, a machine gun stood on the balcony, and the Soviets Deputies and the Red Guard headquarters were located here. It survived during the Second World War, but lost the Oryol Corps as part of the estate, which was destroyed in 1944. The Vorontsov fountain, a side wing and a beautiful cast-iron fence have also sunk into oblivion.

Since 1936, it has been turned into the Pioneer’s Palace. Currently, the building belongs to the Palace of Children’s and Youth Creativity. It is not possible to visit the palace on an excursion or an event – restoration is underway in our time.

Turkish Room Ceiling decoration
Vintage Odessa Postcard with the Vorontsov Palace

Palace of Counts Tolstoy (House of Scientists)

4, Sabaneyev Bridge Street

If you walk from Gogol Street in the direction of the monument to Catherine the Great, then at the very beginning of the Sabaneyev Bridge you cannot fail to notice the palace that once belonged to hereditary nobles – Count Tolstoy.

The Palace was built in 1832 in the style of Russian classicism according to the project of the very famous Italian architect Boffo for the chamber-junker Horvat. But in 1867 Count Tolstoy bought the palace. It has 2 floors and 12 rooms with luxurious interiors. By 1898, next to the count’s estate, there was already a completed late Baroque mansion, which houses a magnificent art gallery. Its architect is G.K.Sheurembrandt.

The most beautiful room of the palace is considered the Marble Living Room, which was used by the Tolstoy as a dining room. It is decorated with artificial marble along the entire perimeter. Here you can see an incredibly beautiful grand piano, the owner of which was the famous Hungarian composer Ferenc Liszt. The splendor and sophistication of the remaining rooms of the palace – the Silk Drawing Room, the White Hall, the Walnut and Oak Drawing Rooms, will not leave you indifferent either. In addition, a wonderful garden adjoins the palace building.

Historians claim that the palace was acquired by Count Mikhail Mikhailovich Tolstoy for his love one, Elena Smirnova, who was a simple laundress.

With the advent of Soviet power, Tolstoy had to leave his mansion. The family emigrates to France, then Switzerland. Leaving for Count M.M. Tolstoy gave the city public library his entire personal collection of books, which he had collected for many years in Russia and abroad. In Geneva, E.G. Tolstaya at the age of 78 in 1926 and M.M. Tolstoy 64 years old in 1927 has died. In 1934, the Odessa House of Scientists moved to the former Tolstoy mansion, where it operates continuously to this day. Today the palace is visited by thousands of tourists every year.

Photo credit: ArchOdessa

Read Castles and Manors of Odessa Chapter 1 here

Shah’s Palace

2, Gogol street

Shah’s Palace is one of the unique majestic buildings that have survived to this day. You will certainly see him, walking along the Mother-in-law bridge to 2, Gogol street.

The history of the name of this castle is interesting. The word “Shah” has an obvious oriental flavor and inevitably suggests the existence of some kind of shah. There really was a shah here, it is Mohammed Ali, the former ruler of Iran (Persia) from the Qajar dynasty. In 1909, fate turned out to be unfavorable to him: 37-year-old Mohammed was dethroned and sent into exile, and his 11-year-old son, Sultan-Ahmad, took the place of the shahinshah. In search of a new home, Mohammed arrives in Odessa.

Of course, this city does not leave him indifferent, and he settles in this beautiful castle, renting it. Accustomed to the lush harem life, the shah of course could not remain here alone, so as in his homeland, he surrounds his person with numerous servants and a harem of 50 concubines. In one of his letters to the English Prime Minister Gladstone, Mohammed Ali, either jokingly or seriously wrote that “it is better to live 50 years with one wife than one year with 50 wives.” They say that he did not send the guilty concubines out through the doors, but through the balcony of the first floor, for their edification and for the laughter of people.

The castle was built by the Polish architect Felix Gonsiorovsky in 1852 for the landowner Zenon Brzhozovsky, also of Pole origin. The palace was erected in the neo-Gothic style from a stone: shell rock. Inkerman stone brought from the Crimea was used for facade facing the sea. Thanks to its powerful, impregnable walls, towering crenellated towers and pointed arches, it seems to be fanned by the aura of the Middle Ages.

After the 1917 revolution, the building became state property. Its appearance was not given due attention, and appropriate restorations were not carried out. Moreover, this mansion, as well as office buildings and courtyard buildings, were often used for various organizations and institutions. Repairs were carried out here, each to its own taste and mood, and all kinds of redevelopment. Such a ruthless approach did not contribute to the preservation of the cultural heritage in its original form.

Its interiors were lost: descendants will no longer be able to see the most beautiful marble decor, tiled fireplaces and parquet floors, antique furniture, paintings and statues. Fortunately, the architectural ensemble has not changed significantly. Thanks to the major restoration of 2000-2004, the Shah’s palace received a new life. The tourists can admire this man-made intricate beauty only from the outside: the internal premises there were occupied by the office of the Odessa bank, and now the office of the transshipment company.

The Sturgeon of Odessa

A unique aquaculture enterprise, pedigree reproducer of the purebred lines of the disappearing wild type species of sturgeon at Danube and Dniester Delta

Odessa Sturgeon Breeding Complex is a unique aquaculture enterprise, pedigree reproducer of the purebred lines of the disappearing wild type species of sturgeon such as Sterlet, Russian Sturgeon, Siberian Sturgeon, Beluga (Huso Huso), Stellate Sturgeon.

Siberian, Russian, Stellate Sturgeon, Huso Huso, Sterlet and their hybrids as well as Carps and Herbivorous that used to reside in the north-west of the Black Sea and the Danube Delta.

Purebred lines of the disappearing wild type species of sturgeon make it easy to get tough fry that grows fast and has a strong immune system.

OOK was registered in 2006. It is situated in the north-west of the Black Sea and the Danube and Dniester Delta in the territory of a Danube Biosphere reserve and Dniester National Park that excludes the influence of technological processes and human interference in wild nature.

Albino Sterlet and Sterlet Caviar
Siberian Sturgeon Caviar

Odessa sturgeon breeding complex rears fish in conditions which are close to natural. Natural environment and fed all natural foods ensure for a stunning flavor and quality of products as well as healthy and strong fry of the indigenous species of fish. Advanced technologies that are used in the farm enable OOK to reproduce the full life cycle of fish– from egg to egg.

Since 2008, OOK has attended Government fishery programs and since then more than 100 thousands of sturgeon fingerlings listed in the Red Book of Ukraine (Stellate Sturgeon, Sterlet, Russian Sturgeon)

Sturgeon Alevin

Stellate sturgeon, Sterlet and Russian Sturgeon have been released in Danube.

Albino Sterlet Alevin
Albino Sterlet Caviar

The fish farm is a large supplier of aquaculture products in Ukrainian and world market.

The wide range of products includes:

  • Black and rare golden sturgeon caviar which are considered to be ones of the world’s great delicacies. Natural environment of sturgeon breeding ensure for a stunning flavor and quality of caviar;
  • Marketable fish (scaly carp, Ukrainian frame carp, hybrid carp, mirror carp);
  • Fertilized eggs of sturgeon wild types which are far-famed for big and strong offspring;
  • Juveniles for releasing into rivers and lakes. They have a big size and a strong immune system.
Black Caviar

You can find more details about Odessa Sturgeon Breeding complex on www.odessasturgeon.com

Piraeus, Sister City of Odessa

The city of Piraeus is located in the region of Attica, within the Athens urban area and along the East coast of the Saronic Gulf. It is the Greek biggest harbour, with a population of approximately 164.000 people.
The port of Piraeus is the largest port in Greece and one of the busiest ports in Europe. In addition, Piraeus is placed among the top ten ports in container traffic in Europe and it is one of the largest container ports in the Mediterranean.

Cultural sites in Piraeus

The Municipal Theatre is a landmark of the city of Piraeus. It was founded in June 1884 and expressed the vision of the emerging bourgeoisie and intellectuals of that time to designate the city as an international cultural centre. Its internal layout followed the standard of the “Theatre d΄Odeon” in Paris. It can accommodate 600 spectators.

The Hellenic Maritime Museum is the largest maritime museum in Greece and in its halls there are more than 2.500 objects, evoking the maritime history and tradition from pre-historic times to the present day. Its Naval Library is also open to the public and consists of more than 17.000 volumes of books and magazines focusing on naval history, science and art.

The Archeological Museum of Piraeus contains mainly sculptures from Bronze Age to Roman Times derived from archaeological research in the wider area of the city of Piraeus, the western coast of Attica and Argosaronikos Islands.

The Lion of Piraeus, which adorns Xavierou Coast, is a copy of the original marble statue that once decorated the entrance of Piraeus port. Because of its prominent position at the port for many centuries, Piraeus was initially given the name “Porto Leone” (Port Lion) by the Latins and “Aslan Port” by the Ottomans.

Kastella is an elegant and popular district of Piraeus, built on a hill known as Profitis Ilias. The view from the hill of the main port is breathtakingly unique and at the top of it there is the picturesque little church. On the hill of Profitis Ilias there is also the open-air theatre Veakeio, hosting a wide range of important cultural events during the summer.

Georgios Karaiskakis Stadium is the home ground of the greek football club “Olympiacos F.C.”. It is classified among 28 others in Europe as a 5-star football stadium by the UEFA organization, suitable to host a UEFA Europe League Final.

The University of Piraeus is the second oldest business school established in Greece, and its Department of Banking and Financial Management is the country’s oldest one. It has ten academic departments focusing on Business Management, Computer Science, Finance and Maritime Studies.

Beaches and entertainment

Piraeus offers many organised beaches and touristic sites with cafes, restaurants and seafood tavernas. The most popular are Votsalakia and the Municipal Beach of Freatida. Zea Marina and the Marina near the Peace and Friendship Stadium offer the opportunity of mooring boats or renting sailing boats and travelling around the Saronic Gulf. Here is some of the most popular entertainment and nightlife places:

Zea Harbour (Pasalimani), some of the most impressive yachts and cruise ships anchor. The seafront area bustles with life both in the daytime and at nightime.

Mikrolimano is a popular location attracting people from all over Attica. It has a beautiful, picturesque little harbour with fishing boats and luxury yachts.

Piraiki is considered one of the most popular areas of the city with its picturesque Venus bay and the chapel of Saint Nikolaos, which looks like a windmill and the mooring boats of the Amateur Fishing Club of Piraeus.

Trouba was the commercial and financial centre of Piraeus until the early 20th century before turning into a very infamous district until 1967. Due to its notoriety it often served as the background of several greek and international films such as the Oscar award-winning film “Never on Sunday” starring Melina Merkouri. Nowadays, the district has been significantly upgraded and has turned into one of the most popular nightlife spots in the whole region of Attica.

Twinning between the cities of Piraeus and Odessa

On 25-03-1993 a Twinning of Cities Agreement was signed between Piraeus’ and Odessa’ municipalities aiming at enhancing joint initiatives and exchanges in the fields of culture, tourism, sports, education, shipping and trade. The Bar Associations of Piraeus and Odessa are also twinned.

Within the framework of this twinning agreement the Municipality of Piraeus took some significant initiatives to promote cooperation and friendship between the two cities:

  • “Odessa Square” in Piraeus. Opposite the main port of Piraeus there is a square named “Odessa” indicating the bond between the sister-cities of Piraeus and Odessa. Its naming ceremony took place on 25-03-1994.
  • The Municipality of Piraeus in collaboration with the University of Piraeus provides students from Odessa with scholarships in order to continue their studies at the University of Piraeus.
  • In addition, children from Odessa are hosted annually at a summer camp in Piraeus.
This presentation was provided by the Municipality of Piraeus, Office of the Vice Mayor for Media, Communications, Public Relations & EU funding programs.

The “Lublin Triangle” was established between Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine

Ukraine abandons conclusively its last official ties with the CIS (Commonwealth of the Independent States), ruled by Russia, and symbolically turns back the clock of history to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth of the XVI century.

Ukraine, Poland, and Lithuania decided to establish a new format of cooperation, the “Lublin Triangle”. This was stated by the foreign ministers of Ukraine, Poland, and Lithuania, Dmytro Kuleba, Jacek Czaputowicz and Linas Linkevičius, during a joint press conference in Lublin.

The agreement states that the three Countries will organise consultations at the level of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and appoint representatives for this new format of cooperation in their Ministries of Foreign Affairs. The responsible officials will hold regular meetings, in particular, in the multilateral activities fields.

Today we announce the creation of the ‘Lublin Triangle’, a format that will be an important element in the development and strengthening of Central Europe, as well as in strengthening Ukraine as a full member of the European and Euro-Atlantic family of nations,

Dmytro Kuleba, Ukraine’s Minister of Foreign Affairs
The joint press conference in Lublin with Ukrainian, Polish and Lithuanian counterparts

The Ukrainian Minister stressed that the “Triangle” would focus on deepening cooperation between the countries. This new format of cooperation will not be limited to security issues: it will also concern economy, trade, investment, tourism and infrastructures.

The Minister stressed that the countries were already cooperating in the military sphere within the Lithuanian–Polish–Ukrainian Brigade (LitPolUkrBrig) and he thanked Lithuania and Poland for the continuous support for Ukraine on its path to EU and NATO membership.

The Lublin Triangle is the first Central Europe-specific alliance that Ukraine has joined, as the Country is currently not a part of the Visegrad Four or the Bucharest Nine.

Few days ago, on July the 22nd, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine had previously approved a draft presidential decree on “Ukraine’s withdrawal from the Agreement on Humanitarian Cooperation of the Commonwealth of the Independent States and the Agreement on the Council for Humanitarian Cooperation of the CIS Member States.”

Historically, on the 26th of June 1569, in Lublin was proclaimed the Union of Lublin, which united the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. A big portion of the present Ukraine belonged to this Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled by a common monarch.

Symbolically, the creation of the “Lublin Triangle” together with the official divorce from the CIS Member States, turns back the clock of history to an Ukraine before the Russian Empire rule, but under the Polish influence.

Source: 112 International

PJSC “Odeskabel” 71 years of success and superiority

71 years have passed since the plant was founded. And during this time the company has shown tremendous results.

Signs of leadership of PJSC “Odeskabel”

The Odeskabel plant was founded in 1949. Over the years of its development, the enterprise has become the undisputed leader in the production of cables in Ukraine and one of the leading cable factories in Eastern Europe.

PJSC “Odeskabel” is the only plant in Ukraine that fully covers the needs of the construction, energy and telecommunications market with cable products.

In addition, Odeskabel is the first plant in Ukraine and throughout the CIS countries, that:

• introduced the technology of the fiber-optic cables production, and for the last 35 years has been developing and producing their improved designs;
• 18 years ago established the production of LAN cables for computer networks, and is currently a leading manufacturer in this direction.

Exclusive offer and opportunities

The plant’s nomenclature includes more than 10,000 sizes of cable and wire products. Main directions of production:

• LAN cables;
• fiber optic cables;
• power cables, wires and cords;
• communication cables;
• alarm and blocking cables;
• RF (Radio frequency) cables.
• Heating cable for electric heating and anti-icing systems

40 football fields in Ukraine and the CIS countries use heating cable produced by PJSC Odeskabel. Anti-icing systems are also successfully operating at the Odessa Opera House and the famous Kiev clinic “Boris”.

Dmytrо Iorgachоv

Success is based on the use of modern technology and an experienced team of employees. And the company’s strategy is systematic modernization and innovation in production, maintaining a leading position and strict adherence to principles.

Dmytrо Iorgachоv

Constantly growing export

The plant not only covers the needs of the country’s domestic market for cable products, but is also successful in export. In 2019, the export of the company was about 30% of the total sales. Odeskabel products are exported to Germany, Italy, Spain, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe, which prove the company’s competitiveness in the world market.

Ukrainian clients of the company:

  • DTEK Corporation
  • PJSC “Ukrtelecom”
  • EVRAZ Ukraine
  • Zaporizhzhya titanium and magnesium factory
  • ArcelorMittal Kryvyi Rih (Krivorozhstal)
  • PJSC “Kryvyi Rih Iron Ore Plant”
  • State Enterprise “Ukrzaliznytsya”
  • SE “Energoatom”
  • NEC “Ukrenergo”
  • “Vodafone Ukraine”
  • PJSC “Kyivstar”
  • OJSC “Ukrtransnafta”
  • KP “Kiev Metropolitan”

International clients of the company:

  • RUE Beltelecom (Belarus).
  • JSC “Moldtelecom” (Moldova).
  • IVOLTINA candy s.r.o. (Czech Republic).
  • Exim Holding s.r.o. (Slovakia).
  • Yerevan Telecom Solutions CJSC (Armenia).
  • Sun Algae (Austria).

Recognition of international associations

PJSC “Odeskabel” is an active participant in the main associations of manufacturers of cable and wire products:

  • Ukrainian Association “Ukrelektrokabel”;
  • Non-commercial Partnership of cable producers “International Association “Electrocable”;
  • International Association of cable product and machinery manufactures “Intercable”;
  • International Cablemakers Federation (ICF).

The company takes an active part in the largest prestigious industry exhibitions:

  • Exhibition Elcom (Kiev).
  • Exhibition “Energy in Industry” (Kiev).
  • Conference and Exhibition of Solar Energy in Central and Eastern Europe

Representative offices:

For the customer’s convenience there is a network of representative offices of the Odeskabel plant which has been created in 6 cities of Ukraine.

Each representative office provides the same level of service, with the same prices and assortment, as at the factory itself. Therefore, there is no need to go directly to Odessa if there is a branch located close to you.

PJSC “Odeskabel” is represented in the EU by an office in Riga.

Official distributor in the Republic of Moldova: JV Trading House “Odeskabel-Moldova”, LLC.

In 2020, an official representative office in Romania was opened – Odeskabel Vision Romania.

71 years of success and leadership

The figures are more convincing than words. Impressive numbers:

  • 71 years of production experience and activity in the market;
  • more than 230 partners around the world;
  • more than $ 40 million – investments in production;
  • over 900 employees;
  • more than UAH 5 million donated to charity;
  • 95.5% – the level of customer satisfaction with product quality;
  • warehouse stocks of finished products in the amount of over $ 5 million;
  • received more than 10 patents for industrial property objects.

Company advantages:

  • Own accredited testing laboratory;
  • A huge range of products;
  • Reference quality confirmed by the international certificates;
  • Branches and warehouses throughout the country;
  • Convenient, reliable and well-functioning logistics system;
  • Reputation in the market.

Public Joint Stock Company “Odessa Cable Plant” Odeskabel”, for many years, has been focusing on the quality of products and competitive prices, modernization and expansion of production, highly qualified personnel and management organization according to world standards. This vector of the company’s development allows the plant to be a leader not only in its industry, but also to be one of the exemplary enterprises in the country.

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A view from outside: Singapore – the new version of Odessa

Mike Gerasimov has written an essay for The Odessa Journal titled “Singapore – the new version of Odessa”

Why modern Singapore is Odessa of the 19th century to me. It happened so that through the 226 years of Odessa’s history many people who were born in this great city eventually had left it at sodessome stage. Despite having at least 6 (known to me) generations of my ancestors in Odessa I became an immigrant myself.

From the very first day in Singapore, I had a strange feeling of familiarity and exceptional comfort. It may seem ridiculous, taking the fact that this is another part of the world, different culture and climate. However, if you remove the shell and look at the essence you may realise that there are major similarities between these two places. These cities are just at the different phases of their timelines.

Odessa started its success story in 1794 after the Russian army took over this territory from the Ottoman Empire. It was granted the status of a “free port” which boosted the economy and together with the convenient geographical position it made it a major trading and cultural hub. This naturally attracted people of many cultures from the whole of Europe and nearby regions of Asia. The most prominent personalities of that time are the founder of the city Spanish José de Ribas y Boyons, the governors French Armand-Emmanuel Sophie Septimanie de Vignerot du Plessis (The Duke of Richelieu) and Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Greek Grigorios Marazlis, Russian Semyon Vorontsov. Odessa was built by Italian, German and Austrian architects by the plan of Flamish engineer François-Paul Sainte de Wollant.

Old Odessa port

Similarly to Singapore, Odessa was a large trading city and seaport with a diversified population under the rule of the large Empire. Certainly, different Empire (Singapore was under British rule) and different cultures but the combination of the factors determining the spirit of the place is the same. Seafarers, traders, the fast-growing economic environment made both cities exceptionally successful and rich at a certain point.

Despite becoming a part of the Soviet Union for almost 70 years, Odessa retained some of its 19th-century charms and for us, people born in a new era, this great city still tells some valuable stories about the freedom and success.

Singapore today

Singapore eventually became an independent city-state and it showed the world probably one of the most noticeable economic miracles in global history. It remains the city of the immigrants with a large seaport and international trading as primary leverage for the economy.

There are some things that you understand better from the distance, there are some things that you can feel better when you lose them. Living here in Singapore I can confidently say that Odessa is not just an ordinary city in one of the European countries, it is truly a great extraordinary place that has already done much to the world at its young age. At every opportunity, I proudly show Odessa to my Singaporean and international friends.

It happened so that some people migrate and I moved my family to Singapore but I am happy I found here my own, the new version of my dear home city Odessa.

Mike Gerasimov and his beautiful family

Leading role of Ukraine in agri-food trade with EU.

The EU’s agri-food trade, monitored by the European Commission (European Union’s administration body and policymaker). All the categories of agriculture and food products, with countries of origin and destination, Ukraine included .

Download of the full report: Monitoring EU Agri-Food Trade

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