Nikolay Petrovich Glushchenko: an artist and spy, whose works were admired by Europeans. On November 25, the exhibition “Last Freedom” was opened at the Odessa Fine Art Museum. Here are the late sketches of Nikolay Glushchenko.
The exhibition at Odessa Fine Art Museum will feature 31 works by Nikolay Glushchenko from the Odessa Fine Art Museum collection: graphics and painting; still lifes, landscapes and nude of the late period, when the artist departed from realism, and his works were more than ever filled with impressionistic sensuality.
About Nikolay Glushchenko
You can make a film about this legendary person, it would be no less exciting and colorful than the tapes about the legendary agent 007.
“Great athletic physique, all muscular. He is a champion in athletics, and as a swimmer surprises even those who grew up by the sea. And in the evening, wearing a tuxedo, he turns into a secular man, who revolves around the international community in his hotel, “- wrote about him in 1936, the Parisian newspaper” Nouvelle Journal Literary “.
Please meet: Nikolay Petrovich Glushchenko, People’s Artist of the USSR, laureate of the Shevchenko State Prize of the USSR, the glory and pride of Ukrainian fine arts, “Ukrainian Monet”, and a Soviet spy who worked under the pseudonym “Yarema”.
The Cossack descendant spent his childhood on the unbridled rapids of Zaporozhye, was brought up on legends and songs. After the death of his father, he and his mother moved to Yuzivka (Donetsk), where he graduated from commercial school in 1918 and planned to enter the Kharkov Higher Technical School, but fate was changed by the whirlwind of war. 18-year-old Glushchenko was mobilized into Denikin’s army, as part of which he was interned in the Schelkiv camp in Poland, from where Glushchenko fled to Berlin. There he graduated from a private art school and academy.
In Berlin, Glushchenko met the future writer and film director Alexander Dovzhenko, then a Soviet diplomat, who recruited the novice artist to Soviet intelligence.
In 1924, Glushchenko moved to Paris. There, at 23 Volonteriv Street, with the support of Hetman of the Ukrainian People’s Republic Pavlo Skoropadsky, he opened an art studio, which was visited by leaders of Ukrainian emigrant groups: one of the founders of the OUN Dmytro Andrievsky, Colonel of the Ukrainian Galician Army Vasyl Vyshyvany.
An active secular and bohemian life helped Glushchenko gather information about the activities of “hostile anti-Soviet and nationalist organizations.”
At the same time, Glushchenko befriended the writer Volodymyr Vynnychenko. It is believed that supervising him was one of the tasks of Yarema’s agent. Vynnychenko once asked Glushchenko to paint his dacha, and Glushchenko painted it with portraits of Ukrainian hetmans.
Glushchenko and Vynnychenko were personally acquainted with Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, although they did not accept Picasso’s work at all. And during the artist’s first exhibition in Paris, they even threw rotten apples and eggs at him and visitors. Interestingly, the first nudist beach in Paris was organized by Glushchenko and Vynnychenko.
After Hitler came to power, Glushchenko, on behalf of the Soviet leadership, focused on gathering information about the military-industrial complex of Germany. Thanks to his connections, the Center in Moscow received secret drawings of 205 types of military equipment, including fighter engines.
A copy of Yarema’s report was kept in the State Archives of the Security Service of Ukraine, in which he stressed that despite the friendship agreement concluded with the USSR, the German government was actively preparing for war against the Soviet Union.
According to Yarema, German-Ukrainian pocket dictionaries for infantry and pilots, detailed topographic maps of the entire territory of Ukraine, military topographic, economic and political surveys of its regions were published in Germany under conditions of extreme secrecy.
Interestingly, the report reached Stalin on June 10, 1940, five months earlier than the radiogram from Japan sent by Richard Sorge on November 18.
In the early 1940s, Soviet intelligence commissioned Glushchenko to organize an exhibition of Soviet fine art in Berlin. On the last day of the event, the event, where the landscapes of Agent Yarema were exhibited, was attended by the top leadership of the Third Reich.
On the last day of the Berlin exhibition, it was visited by the top leadership of the Third Reich, headed by Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. Addressing Mykola Glushchenko, he said that Hitler highly valued his talent. He considers him one of the best landscape painters in Europe and presents an album of lithographs of his best watercolors.
Later, Glushchenko handed over the album to Stalin, who expressed a desire to get acquainted with the work of the Fuhrer. After Glushchenko’s death in 1977, it turned out that only one page from the album had returned to him.
When the war broke out, Glushchenko moved to Moscow, where he lived in a room in a communal apartment of 9 square meters. m. He left intelligence and devoted himself entirely to the main vocation of his life: the fine arts. During this period, Glushchenko created paintings in the style of socialist realism: “Lenin at the Wall of Communards”, “Defense of Moscow”, etc.
In the art world, he is known primarily as a landscape artist. To this day, his Impressionist works, made in his early years and adulthood, are in great demand. Shortly before his death, the artist selected 250 paintings painted in the 1950s, which, in his opinion, “do not reflect Glushchenko,” and asked his wife to burn them. She did not comply with the request, promising that these paintings would never be exhibited.
Maksym Rylskyi, who was in love with the artist’s landscape, wrote: I walked alone along the path, singing softly… Water – and water, as they say, is one of the “stumbling blocks” for the artist – water, painted by Glushchenko, from time to time makes me, an avid fisherman, think about the rod, shout out loud: ” This is probably a great way to catch redfish! ”
According to various sources, Mykola Glushchenko painted more than 10,000 paintings during his lifetime. Most of them are landscapes. His works are stored in private collections and exhibited in museums in Ukraine, Russia, France, Germany, USA, Canada and more.
Reni (Odessa region) will assemble components for electric vehicles. Thanks to the arrival of an Italian investor, by the summer a first group of workers will be trained. Their number is expected to reach 150 people within a year. The shop is being created as part of the Ukrainian LLC Movi Group Kartal.
On the first floor of the former cafe “Express” it is planned to open a workshop for assembling coils for electric vehicles, which will replace cars with internal combustion engines.
We are currently engaged in gasification of the building. There is a similar workshop in Romania and already six of our women are being trained there. Accommodation and work are paid. We plan to hire 60-70 female workers by summer. Men can also be employed.Ivan Merlich, co-founder of Movi Group Kartal LLC
Merlich also said that the Italian investor plans to come to Reni soon.
It is planned to create up to 150 new working posts during the year. The management of the Movi Group Kartal LLC expressed gratitude to the mayor Igor Plekhov for assistance in promoting this project; now work is being carried out to illuminate the adjacent territory and other works.
Odessa airport completed a new runway (GDP), which will increase the safety and comfort of passengers, attract new air carriers and increase the number of flights.
The new runway, which was built by the company Avtomagistral-Yug, is currently undergoing tests of light signaling, radio navigation and meteorological equipment.
The length of the new runway is 2,800 m, width – 45 m. The runway is 105 cm thick, of which 40 cm is “heavy concrete”. The bearing capacity of the Odessa airport runway has almost doubled.
The large-scale project took 31 months and was completed this summer. For the construction of the new runway, were used the most modern technologies. In particular, the unique concrete-laying complex Gomaco GP4. Now, there is a certification procedure to obtain permits for operations.
“Soon, the new GDP of Odessa airport will start receiving the first planes,” it was reported by Avtomagistral-Yug.
The carrying capacity of the new runway will allow to receive almost twice as many aircraft. The new runway will open up the skies for low-cost and D-class aircraft to travel in any direction.
The recent premiere of the opera project “Chornobyldorf” by composers Roman Grigoriv and Ilya Razumeyko brought us back to the Chernobyl trauma and showed another way to get rid of it, this time in the genre of post-apocalyptic “archaeological opera”.
Composers Roman Hryhoriv and Ilya Razumeiko has presented a new project. Inspired by the stories of the Zwentendorf and Chornobyl nuclear power plants, they wrote the opera Chornobyldorf. The Archaeological Opera is the result of an international research, cultural and artistic project.
The world of Chornobyldorf is devoted to the study of imaginary culturological post-apocalypse. The project combines an archeological opera in seven short stories with multiple and open endings, a series of video performances created in expeditions to post-industrial regions (Pripyat, Kryvyi Rih and Energodar), an anthropological museum and an institute for the study of Chernobyl culture.
The opera features rare and ancient instruments: microtonal bandura and cymbals, alpine zither, harp, cantele, morin huur (Mongolian folk two-stringed cello), as well as a post-apocalyptic percussion instrument.
The project partner is the Mystetskyi Arsenal. The premiere of the opera in the took place within its walls.
The history of the opera began with an expedition to Zwentendorf on the Danube, a town located 50 kilometers west of Vienna. In 1978, a powerful nuclear power plant was built here. Due to mass protests by environmentalists and a national referendum it never started turning into a huge “investment vault” and technology museum of the 70s. Eight years later, in 1986, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded in Polissya, Ukraine. The nuclear catastrophe divided the world and the history of mankind into “before” and “after” Chernobyl.
A mystical zone was formed around Chernobyl, which attracted the entire Polissya cultural area, becoming a unique ecological phenomenon. Instead, near Zwentendorf, the preserved silence of the Austrian province is preserved, except for a solar field and the Donau-Radweg line, a cycle path that stretches from the source of the river near the town of Donaueschingen to Budapest itself.
The creation of the opera will be based on the method of multilevel cultural and media archeology, expedition work and resident rehearsals. A large team will work on the opera: members of NOVA OPERA, artists from Ukraine and Austria.Composer Roman Grigoriv
What is Chornobyldorf about:
Descendants of mankind, who survived a series of man-made, epidemic and climatic catastrophes, are building a post-apocalyptic settlement on the ruins of a nuclear power plant.
The anti-futuristic society of the distant future is trying to recreate the lost high-tech world with the help of archeological rituals, instructions for which they find in the “Chornobyldorf Code”, a bizarre treatise of the atomic age.
The post-apocalypse man will follow the records of the found code. It will try to reconstruct fragments of once outstanding music and philosophy, turning the formulas of radioactive decay into microtonal harmonies, ancient folk instruments into sonorous generators and laboratory instruments, mixing fragments of Christian masses with pantheistic rites and polyphonic folk songs. In this case, the universal signs and symbols, once again misinterpreted, will gradually dissolve in the white noise of nature.Composer Ilya Razumeiko
Project “CHORNOBILDORF. ARCHAEOLOGICAL OPERA” is supported by the European Union under the House of Europe programme.
Composers: Roman Grygoriv / Illia Razumeiko
Producers: Olga Diatel / Georg Stecker
PR and Media: Lidiya Karpenko
Organizers: PORTO FRANKO, NOVA OPERA, Musiktheatertage WIEN
Partners: House of Europe, Mystetskyi Arsenal, Austrian Cultural Forum Kyiv, INSHI
NOVA OPERA is a group of young Ukrainian artists the aim of which is search for new ways of developing of music theatre. It was founded by director Vlad Troitskyi in 2014. Musicians create the new synthetic genres and experiment with untypical music and stage performances. The music language of the performances hasn’t got any aesthetic borders and freely unites avant-guard and rock, Gregorian choral and trip-hop, new baroque and folk improvisations.
In 2022, “Chornobyldorf” will be shown in Vienna. Rotterdam and Venice have already shown interest in the project.
Source & Photo: Chornobyldorf. Archaeological opera
The new Head of the Odessa Regional State Administration is Sergey Grinevetsky, who already held this post 15 years ago. The decree of appointment was signed by President Volodymyr Zelensky.
Sergey Grinevetsky is 63 years old. He was born in the village of Luzhanka, Tarutinsky District, and studied to be a mechanical engineer at the Odessa Institute of Food and Refrigeration Industry (the today’s Food Academy) and at the Kiev Agricultural Academy.
Sergey Grinevetsky worked in his specialty just for a few years and then went along the Komsomol and Party lines. He held leading positions in the Razdelnyanskiy district committee and the Odessa regional committee of the Komsomol, and in 1990 became the Head of the district committee of the Communist Party in Razdelnaya. Because of this, the politician fell under the lustration law. However, in November 2020, the Court declared Grinevetsky’s lustration illegal.
By his own admission, after the collapse of the USSR and the prohibition of the Communist Party, Grinevetsky tried to get a job at the Odessa factories, but he was refused everywhere, just because of his party past. Then he went into business, and in 1992 he headed the company “Odessa-Impex”.
However, his entrepreneurial activity did not last long: already in 1994, Grinevetsky moved to work in the Secretariat of the Odessa Regional Council. For the second time, he worked in a private company in 2005-2007, with the position of director of one of the departments of the Khlebnaya Gavan trading house. The ultimate beneficiary of this company is the younger brother of Sergey Grinevetsky, Valery.
From 1994 to 1998, Sergey Grinevetsky held leading positions in the Odessa Regional Council and the Regional State Administration, and in 1998 he was appointed Head of the Regional State Administration. He headed the region until 2005, after which he was the Chairman of the regional council for several months. In November 2004, being the Head of the Regional State Administration, Grinevetsky took part in the congress of local deputies in Severodonetsk, which was held by opponents of Viktor Yushchenko. Because of this, he was summoned 6 times for interrogation to the Prosecutor General’s Office, as a witness.
Sergey Grinevetsky was elected a deputy of the Verkhovna Rada three times: in 1998 from the People’s Democratic Party, and in 2007 and 2012 from the People’s Party. In the Verkhovna Rada of the 7th convocation, he joined the faction of the Party of Regions, which he left after Euromaidan. In 2020, Grinevetsky was elected to the Odessa City Council from the Trust Deeds party. At the same time, he is still the Head of the Odessa organization of the People’s Party.
Sergey Grinevetskiy is a co-author of several books on the geopolitics of the Black Sea region, as well as two encyclopedic dictionaries: “Black Sea Encyclopedia” and “Danube Encyclopedia”. And in 2002 he even received a patent for an invention: a gas heating module.
Sergey Grinevetskiy loves to solve crosswords, relax on the Danube and collect cars with his own hands. He himself assembled 6 of them, mostly old Soviet models. He is also fond of card games and handball: Grinevetsky is the Head of the regional federation of this sport.
According to the declaration, last year Sergey Grinevetsky and his wife Olga received almost UAH 230 thousand of income (this is the pension of both spouses and Olga’s salary). At the same time, the family’s savings are much higher, about 1.4 million UAH, 180 thousand dollars and almost 5 thousand euros. The Grinevetsky family also have a house in Odessa with an area of 835.7 sq.m, a house in Razdelnaya, two plots of land, some expensive watches and jewelry, furniture sets and two valuable icons: “The Lord Almighty” and “Holy Queen Elena”.
In the 21st century, the Black Sea faces a new type of pollution: marine litter. Of course, this litter is not all new: the remains of fishing tackle, buoys, automobile tires, sunk ships etc. are widespread in the ocean. But during the last 20 years, the usage of plastic has become ubiquitous, with the amount of litter in the world’s oceans increasing hundreds of times. At present, about 8