Odessa of 1854 by Friedrich Gross on lithographs: streets, buildings, war

Thanks to the lithographs by Friedrich (Fеodor) Gross, we can see Odessa of 1854 many years later. “Album of Odessa views” by Feodor Gross became available to us thanks to the resource “Odessa history”.

Friedrich Gross was born in Simferopol, in the family of the German colonist artist Johann Ludwig Gross. According to some reports, Johann Gross arrived in Crimea and worked as an artist on the expedition of his compatriot, the scientist and traveler Academician P.S. Pallas.

And when he acquired an estate in Sudak, he also settled there – in the Sudak German colony. In 1821, at the personal request of the Pallas and by order of the School Committee of Kharkov University, Johann Gross was “… appointed to the position of a teacher of drawing art in the Taurida gymnasium and the district school attached to it.”

There he was called Ivan Danilovich in the Russian manner, although until the end of his life he spoke Russian very badly, and never learned to write.

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It is also known that it was he who was the teacher of drawing with the young Ivan Aivazovsky and gave recommendations to the Academy of Arts both to him and to his other students.

With his light hand, many became not only good artists, but even very famous in Russia. But his son – Friedrich Gross, perhaps not at all deprived of artistic talent, was much less fortunate. Friedrich, or Fedor, as everyone called him in the same Simferopol gymnasium, was a quiet, well-mannered German boy who loved to draw and dreamed of sketching with his hand literally every corner of his beloved Crimea.

View from the side of the fortress. At that time, the old fortress was located on the site of Shevchenko Park
View from the square behind the Mikhailovsky Monastery. Shevchenko Park from the sea

However, the Gross family was strapped for funds, so Friedrich could not even complete the full gymnasium course. Perhaps that is why his application for admission to the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg at the state expense was not satisfied. Then Friedrich Gross decided to paint himself and travel all over the Crimea in search of the most picturesque, inaccessible and still unknown places.

View from the embankment near the bathing tents
Quarantine. View from Shevchenko Park

It is quite possible that he was supported, like several other young artists, by the well-known patron of sciences and arts, Count M.S. Vorontsov.

View taken from the Customs Outpost
View from the embankment near the bathing tents. Now at this place is the entrance to the seaport

In 1864, Fyodor Ivanovich Gross moved to Odessa, where he organised four large exhibitions of his paintings under the general title “Views of Crimea” and got a job in the lithographic workshop of Alexander Brown. Apparently, he got acquainted with the technique of lithography, one of the most complex artistic techniques, while still in the Crimea, in the estate of A.M. Borozdin Kuchuk-Lambat, and in Odessa he mastered an even more complex technique – the technique of chromolithography.

Descent to the Practical Harbor. In the distance, on the hill, you can see the colonnade and Vorontsov’s palace
Preobrazhenskiy Cathedral

“Odessa Bulletin” highly praises the work of Gross for the skill of decoration, for the lightness and softness of the drawing, comparing it with the best lithographs of the capital’s artists. Yes, in his work he is very scrupulous and even more accurate and scrupulous. He translates his drawings onto a lithographic stone, from which an imprint will then be made, only by himself, writing out even the smallest detail with all care.

Primorsky Boulevard
Richelievskaya street. View from the main facade of the Opera House

Most of his paintings were published as lithographs in the form of an album under the general title “Collection of picturesque views of the Crimea. Brown’s lithograph” (Odessa, 1846), but unfortunately, it has not survived in its original form.

Church of the Intercession on Aleksandrovsky Prospect. Now on the site of the church there is a Gymnasium No. 1
Theatre square. The building on the left is the first city theater

Living for some time in Odessa, the artist created a whole series of views of this colourful Southern city recognisable by everyone: “Richelieu Lyceum”, and “View of the Practical Harbor”, “Quarantine” and “Boulevard”, and many others. In 1854-55. In the lithographic workshop of P. Frantsev and L. Nitsche, an album with 15 views of Odessa from paintings by Gross was published.

Lanzheronovsky lane
Preobrazhenskaya street. Around the corner on the right is Preobrazhenskaya Square

In those years, the Crimean (Eastern) War was just going on, and the landscape painter managed to prove himself as a battle painter, and so much so that his painting entitled “The Bombing of Odessa by the Anglo-French Fleet on April 10, 1854” deserved a personal gift from Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich in the form of a diamond ring. And his other battle work, executed in gouache, “The heroic feat of Shchegolev and his batteries at the Odessa Practical Mall on Holy Saturday, April 10, 1854”, was presented to Tsarevich Alexander Nikolaevich and in the same year was reproduced in London by the publisher V. Brunks.

Primorsky Boulevard
Roman Catholic Church

Feodor Gross was a sought-after artist and carried out many private orders. So, in honour of the 25th anniversary of the founding of the Imperial Society of Agriculture of Southern Russia, Gross made a truly artistic design of the gratitude address to the president of this society, Prince Vorontsov.

The new building of the Richelieu Lyceum. Now it is the University named after Mechnikov
House of Count Tolstoy on Preobrazhenskaya Street

After the war, Feodor Ivanovich was determined to return to the Crimea. He was no longer interested in remaining in Odessa. He increasingly felt his helplessness and inconsistency as a real artist, being only a good draftsman and a brilliant lithographer. The lack of classical art education made, in his opinion, inaccessible to him the secrets of real painting, revealed to famous artists.

Theatre square. View of the Palais Royal from the rear facade
The new building of the Institute for Noble Maidens. Now this building is located on the territory of the Odessa National Maritime University
General Leaders’ summerhouse. Now at this place, near the beginning of the Walk of Fame, there is a high-rise building

In 1857, Fyodor Gross leaves Odessa and returns to his native Crimea. On the recommendation of the trustee of the Odessa educational district, he was appointed a teacher of drawing at the Kerch Kushnikovsky Maiden Institute. He and his wife, Anna Ivanovna (they had no children), built a beautiful house for himself with his wife, Anna Ivanovna (they had no children), and devoted all his free time to … archeology. In addition to teaching, Gross works as an artist-restorer (and assistant director) of the Kerch Museum of Antiquities. Since 1884, State Councilor F.I. Gross became the director of the Kerch Museum and headed the excavation of burial mounds on the Taman Peninsula.

The bombardment of Odessa on April 10, 1854. Removed from the side of Peresyp
Reflection of two English steamers that came to the aid of the surrendered steamer “Tiger” on April 30, 1854

The main merit of Gross is the sketches he made of all the ancient monuments and antiquities found during this almost thirty-year period in the South of Russia.

Heroic feat of Shchegolev and his Batteries in Odessa Practical mall on Holy Saturday April 10, 1854
The explosion of the stranded British steamer “Tiger” near the Kortatsi farm on April 30, 1854
Odessa, Preobrazhenskaya square

Belgium will give Ukraine a research vessel for monitoring the Black and Azov Seas

The Ukrainian Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources officially announced the agreement with the Kingdom of Belgium, seat of the EU institutions.

Ukraine and the Kingdom of Belgium signed a memorandum of understanding in the field of water protection and reproduction and rational use of water resources. The document was signed by the Belgian Federal Office for Science Policy, the Belgian Royal Institute of Natural Sciences and the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of Ukraine.

Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of Ukraine

With this memorandum, the Belgian side confirms its readiness to transfer the research vessel Belgica to Ukraine free of charge.

The Ministry noted that the 1984 vessel is in good condition and has unique built-in equipment, in particular, high-precision echo sounders.

The protection of marine ecosystems is included in the ecological block of the Ukraine-EU Association Agreement, according to which our state must carry out regular marine monitoring in accordance with European standards. Ukraine is currently implementing the provisions of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive for the gradual achievement of a good ecological state of the marine environment. I would like to thank the Belgian side for such assistance, which will strengthen environmental monitoring of the Black and Azov Seas.

Roman Abramovsky, Minister of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources

The Memorandum provides for strengthening cooperation between Ukrainian and Belgian scientists in the joint study of the Black Sea, in particular, the problem of increasing the level of hydrogen sulfide.

We expect that very soon, with the financial support of the EU project “European Union for Strengthening Environmental Monitoring in the Black Sea” (EU4EMBLAS), the “Belgica” vessel under the Ukrainian flag will go to Ukraine. And in the fall, comprehensive monitoring of our sea areas will begin on board this vessel.

Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of Ukraine

At the same time, the Belgian counterparty invited Ukrainian specialists to join research work in the North Sea.

Odessa Opera and Ballet Theatre – August playbill

Starting the 212 season Odessa Opera prepared a lot of interesting theatrical events! We present you the repertoire of the Odessa Opera and Ballet Theatre for August 2021.

Tickets for the August repertoire can be purchased at the box office and online. To find out the details please click on each event.

Little Red Riding Hood (Svetlana Antipova ballet studio)

01 August


01 August

Les Sylphides

01 August

The Mermaid (Svitlana Antipova Ballet Studio)

03 August


04 August

Il barbiere di Siviglia

05 August

Peter Pan (Svetlana Antipova ballet studio)

06 August

Mystery of the Vienna Woods

06 August

Little Red Riding Hood (Svetlana Antipova ballet studio)

07 August


07 August

Cinderella (Svetlana Antipova ballet studio)

08 August


08 August


11 August

Yell (Krik)

12 August

Il Trovatore

15 August

Alice in Wonderland (Svetlana Antipova ballet studio)

17 August

Don Quixote

18 August


19 August

Swan Lake

20 August

Swan Lake

21 August


22 August


27 August

The Mermaid (Svitlana Antipova Ballet Studio)

28 August

La Bohème

28 August

Carmina Burana

29 August

Il Trovatore

31 August

A monument to the Odessa cat

Another monument to the Odessa cat by the sculptor Tatiana Shtykalo was opened on the embankment of Lanzheron Beach.

The cat “Izyum” (or Izya Langeron), dressed in an elegant vest, is lying on a large snow-white ball, at the entrance to the restaurant “Dacha Lanzheron”. The kind of cat chosen to create a sculpture was the Canadian Sphynx breed.

The composition is an undoubted reference to the famous “two balls” at the entrance to this beach. Although, of course, the huge ears of the sculpted cat are more reminiscent of Dobby, the house elf from the famous novel about wizards.

Cats are the stars of Odessa. Therefore, miniature sculptures of cats have already become a highlight of the city. They can be found: in the fish row of Privoz and in the New Market, in the parks of Shevchenko and Pobeda, in the streets Bunina, Grecheskaya, Panteleimonovskaya, Marazlievskaya, General Petrov and Voenny Spusk.

The sculptor believes that the most important thing in his project is the participation of residents of Odessa, who are not indifferent to their tailed and ever present neighbours. Odessans are happy to take part in the project, suggesting interesting cat stories, some of which formed the basis of sculptural compositions.

Although, of course, cases are different. For example, the “Gentleman Cat”, which stood on Ekaterininskaya Square in memory of the famous Odessa KVN team and its artistic director Yana Gelman, suffered at the hands of vandals. According to Tatiana Shtykalo, sculptures cannot be 100% protected – but, fortunately, they can be restored.

The new monument is the 14th sculpture from the “Cats of Odessa” series created by Tatiana. It is made of acrylic and polyester resin. This choice was taken to prevent thieves, interested in metal collection.

The sponsor of this art project is the Odessa entrepreneur Aleksandr Kozyr.

Golden Age. Dutch art in Odessa. Wouwerman, de Heem, van der Helst, Heda

The funds of the Odessa Museum of Eastern and Western Art contain the valuable works of Dutch masters: paintings, engravings, original drawings, and Delft faience. And of this number, only 4 paintings are on permanent display. In this article, we want to tell you about 4 paintings in the museum’s depositories.

Philips Wouwerman


Falcon Hunting”

“Falcon Hunting”, oil on panel, 20,5×23 cm

The small painting is an exemplary example of the art of the famous artist Phillips Wowerman, one of the most talented landscape painters of the Golden Age of Dutch art of the 17th century. He was born in Harlem, studied with his father Paulus Justin Wowerman, but his artistic style was influenced by the work of landscape painter Peter van Lahr.

For two years (1638-1640) he lived in Hamburg, where he married a Catholic girl, with whom he returned to his homeland. In 1645, when he was 26 years old, Phillips Wowerman is mentioned as the head of the Harlem Guild of St. Luke. Talented, universal in nature, he painted a variety of landscapes and animals, battle scenes, and genre scenes, but above all the artist was a master of picturesque genre story and conducted it easily and effortlessly.

His small landscapes fill the figures of hunters, soldiers, robbers. The museum painting was part of a hunting series, in which the artist appears as a wonderful animalist: next to people, there are dogs, falcons, horses. The favorite character in such scenes is a light gray graceful horse with a red cloth thrown over the saddle. This is the brightest and at the same time, the bright spot makes you “play” the whole picture. Sophisticated play of chiaroscuro, the sophistication of the palette, miniaturization of the image – the main characteristics of the style of Phillips Wowerman. His paintings were in demand during the master’s lifetime but became even more popular in the 18th century.

“Falconry” or “Falcon Hunting” in the middle of the 19th century was owned by collector Marcell Sobansky, one of the founders of the Odessa Society of Fine Arts, and in 1865 participated in the first exhibition of the society, then stored in the Odessa Art School, in 1923 through the Museum Fund the painting came to the museum. During the Second World War, the painting was evacuated to the Urals, and after returning in 1944, it adorned the exhibition hall of Dutch art of the 17th century.

Willem Claesz Heda


Still life with oysters

“Still life with Oysters”, oil on canvas, 93,2×120,5 cm

The painting was transferred to the museum in 1951 from the Directorate of Exhibitions and Panoramas of the Committee on Art under the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Moscow). It is a replica of “Still Life with a Gilded Cup” (1635) from the collection of the Rijksmuseum.

Geda was an excellent still-life master of the Golden Age of Dutch painting, but of the artist’s entire artistic output, about 70 paintings have survived to this day. He was born in Haarlem and studied painting with his father, Gerrit Willems Heda, at the age of forty he was already a painter with a high reputation, repeatedly elected dean of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke. His favorite subject was the so-called “breakfasts”, in which he usually depicted a certain set of tableware and food – such as in a museum painting.

The still lifes of Willem Claesz Heda are characterized by subtle skill in conveying the texture of the depicted objects and restrained silver-gray color. The painting is inspired by the painter’s loving and caring attitude to the world of things.

Amazing accuracy in the transfer of objects is combined with mysterious poetics, which gives the viewer sincere pleasure. Objects seem to preserve traces of a person’s recent presence: a crumpled tablecloth, a discarded napkin, unfinished wine in a glass…

They also have a hidden allegorical meaning: gold and silver utensils – a symbol of wealth; lemon – external beauty, inside which hides the bitterness; open oyster shells – a soul that is ready to leave the earth’s crust. Reading still life for the Dutch of that time was something like an intellectual game.

Bartholomeus van der Helst


Portrait of a man. 1661

“Portrait of a Man”, oil on canvas, 75,5×63 cm

On the reverse side of the canvas, there is an ancient inscription, which indicates that the painting was painted by Bartholomeus van der Helst in 1661. A famous painter and engraver, he painted on historical, biblical, and mythological subjects, but he was famous for his portraits. The artist was born in Haarlem in 1613. His father was an innkeeper.

At the age of 23, Bartholomeus married and moved to Amsterdam, where he remained for the rest of his life. Little is known about his years of study. It is traditionally believed that his teacher in Amsterdam was the artist Nicholas Elias Picenoy, but the style of painting by Gelst suggests that he studied and used the techniques of Rembrandt and Franz Hals.

The artist gained his first fame at the age of 24 when he painted a group portrait of members of the board of trustees of the Walloon Asylum. He has had many customers since then. His main clients were representatives of the Amsterdam bourgeoisie, who liked his virtuoso technique, material reliability, ability to satisfy the requirements of the authorities.

In Amsterdam in the second half of the 17th century, Bartholomeus van der Helst was even more popular than Rembrandt. The museum painting is a late replica of a portrait of the same man-made by the artist in 1647. It is stored in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The famous American writer Henry James, who saw this painting in New York in 1872, called it “the perfect prose of the portrait.”

The name of the man depicted remains unknown, as does the fact why, 14 years later, the artist repeated the same portrait, only giving it a rectangular shape and writing the work not on wood but on dense.

Cornelis de Heem


Still life

“Still life”, oil on canvas, 59×82 cm

Cornelis de Gem is a representative of a great dynasty of artists, the son of the famous still life master Jan Davidsz de Heem. He was baptized in Leiden on April 8, 1631, but at the age of 5, he moved with his family to Antwerp. His father was his teacher. In 1660, Cornelis de Heem became a member of the Antwerp Guild of Artists.

He painted fruit and flower still lifes, working in Holland and Flanders. Art critics enroll him in the Flemish-Dutch school because Cornelis de Heem adopted the artistic traditions of both regions. Decorative tendencies that spread in Dutch painting of the last third of the 17th century, as well as the new understanding of the subject and the role of light in the image generated by them, affected Cornelis’ still lifes.

Peaches and grapes seem to radiate radiance themselves, turning a drop of dew and a matte essence on the surface of berries into a picturesque jewel. The artist combined the detail of the image with a brilliant selection of colors and refined taste in the construction of the composition. Thus the Flemish admiration for color was combined with a special, purely Dutch spirituality of matter, which determines the attractiveness of the work of Cornelis de Heem. The mise-en-scène and the selection of items in the museum’s still life give him reason to see a characteristic example of the so-called “luxurious” still life (“pronk stilleven“), which appeared in Flemish art in the third quarter of the 17th century. At the edge of the table on the left is the signature: C. Deheem

Based on materials from the catalog of the exhibition “Golden Age” Dutch Art of the 17th century

To be continued…

“OKO”: the International Ethnographic and Anthropological Cinema Festival

“OKO” is a festival of Ethnographic and Anthropological Cinema will take place on September 11-18, 2021 in Krynychne village, Odessa region.

“OKO” is the festival that unites filmmakers and folklorists, film lovers and those who honour customs and traditions. It is a holiday of ethnographic and anthropological documentary and fiction films. It is a place where you can see and feel the heartbeat of small and large peoples, communities, villages’ and cities’ inhabitants. At the same time, it is a platform where filmmakers and folklorists, ethnographers and anthropologists can meet and find out more about each other, share with their ideas and, possibly, arrange some future mutual projects. The festival is divided into competitive and non-competitive programs and accepts applications for international and national, documentary and fiction, short and full-length sections.

“OKO” is an annual and international festival which is held in Krynychne village, Odessa region, Ukraine. In 2021 there is a contest programme and also out-of-contest program, during which there will be demonstrated a number of ethnographic documentary short and long-meter films, and also short and full-length feature films in an ethnographic and anthropological style.

“Another Paradise”
Director: Olivier Magis
“Atlas of Memory”
Director: Dorino Minigutti

During the Festival the guests will have an opportunity to participate in forums and workshops on film art and folklore subjects, during which various issues of modern cinema will be discussed. There also will be held creative meetings with directors, screenwriters, folklorists and ethnographers. The Film Festival is focused on uniting of the creative efforts of both aspiring and mature filmmakers, amateurs and experienced folklorists.

After the main festival in Krynychne “OKO” will travel to the regions of Ukraine with the films-winners which will be demonstrated, particularly, in film theatres, palaces of culture, higher educational institutions, schools, youth clubs, bookstores, libraries and in frontline areas.

The Festival will collect documentaries from all over the world: Italy, Portugal, Belgium, Mexico, Germany, Serbia, France, Switzerland and even Senegal and Ethiopia. The focus of this year is on African countries.

It will be possible to see these films on a huge open air screen near the village of Krinichnoye.

The initiator and founder of the film festival was Tatiana Staneva, a citizen of Ukraine, an ethnic Bulgarian from Ukrainian Bessarabia, folklorist and director.

The festival will last for a week – from September 11th to 18th. During this time, guests will be able to immerse themselves not only in the cinema, but also in the stunning atmosphere of Bessarabia. It is not for nothing that the festival chose carpet paths woven according to the old technology as the main visual code.

Now the festival has launched a fundraising campaign with amazingly atmospheric cups, T-shirts, bags and even masks. All the money raised will be spent on the needs of the “OKO” festival.

EBA: What exactly do you need to know about the opening of the land market in Ukraine?

Land reform is a strategically important step for the economic development of Ukraine, the main tasks of which are to regulate the land market, prevent corruption schemes in land relations, establish clear and fair relations in the field of land management, and impetus to economic growth. According to the experts of the European Business Association (hereinafter – the Association), the lifting of the moratorium and introducing the land market will solve a range of problems that have accumulated in the agricultural sector over the past 20 years. Experts of the Association have repeatedly expressed their concern that the existence of the shadow market hinders the effective accounting of land, as well as causes a low level of budget revenues and land degradation.

This is the historic moment when the market of agricultural lands was opened in Ukraine! After all, the moratorium on the sale of these lands in Ukraine has been extended as many as 10 times. So, over the 28 years of land reform, a lot of disparate information has been accumulated on this topic. The moratorium was applied to agricultural land plots of state and communal ownership, as well as land plots owned by citizens and legal entities for commercial agricultural production, land plots allocated in kind (on the ground) to owners of land shares (units) for personal farming, as well as land shares (units). Meanwhile, due to the long-term moratorium in Ukraine, a shadow market for the circulation of agricultural land has been formed through mechanisms not prohibited by law such as long-term lease, the establishment of long-term emphyteusis, etc.

What are our goals today?

In the course of the current land reform, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Law of Ukraine “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Concerning the Conditions of Circulation of Agricultural Lands” of March 31, 2020, which entered into force on July 1, 2021. What exactly do you need to know about the land market and how to use your right to purchase agricultural land? This question was discussed on July 20, 2021, during the Joint Meeting of the EBA Odesa Legal Committee and the Agrarian Working Group together with invited guests and experts of EBA member companies.

The event was opened by Artur Nitsevych, Chairman of the EBA Odesa Legal Committee, partner of the International Legal Service “Interlegal”, moderator, who mentioned:

What are our goals today? First, I hope that we will understand what we should prepare for, what markers to track and what practical advice we will take with us, and it will become a little clearer what will happen to the land market in the near future. Secondly, there is a lot of information on the Internet and in the media now, and it is quite contradictory, there is a lot of manipulation, so we must debunk these myths with you today.”  

Artur Nitsevych
Chairman of the EBA Odesa Legal Committee, partner of the International Legal Service “Interlegal”

Viktor Syzonenko, lawyer, head of the Southern Ukrainian branch of “Arzinger”, spoke about the path of land reform, the terms for circulation of agricultural land, preferential rights, and the buyer verification. According to Mr. Syzonenko, grain exports are breaking all records in the world’s granary, so clear land regulation is very important for our economy. To date, the number of agreements on the sale of agricultural land has reached 1,100. Moreover, we have a demand for such agreements. As for the path of land reform, the land market has been partially opened since July 1, so agricultural land can be purchased by individuals who are citizens of Ukraine but only up to 100 hectares in one hand. For businesses, the market will open from 2024 with a limit of 10,000 hectares. Banks will be able to receive land ownership only as collateral.  

Viktor Syzonenko
Lawyer, head of the Southern Ukrainian branch of “Arzinger”

What do you need to know about the land market?  

According to the Land Directory of Ukraine, more than 2/3 of Ukraine’s lands are agricultural lands. Regarding the structure of land ownership, the majority of the land is privately owned – namely, 31 million hectares and 10.4 million hectares are of state and communal ownership. Besides, about a third of the land, 32.7 million hectares, is used to grow crops. Most of the agricultural land is cultivated in Odessa, Zaporizhia, and Kharkov regions on more than 2200 thousand hectares. The least land is available to residents of Zakarpattia and Chernivtsi regions, less than 500 thousand hectares.  

The price of land until 2030 cannot be lower than the normative monetary value. The Ministry of Agrarian Policy predicts that the average cost of land will be 50,000 UAH per 1 hectare and grow by 5-10% annually. 

Also, Mr. Syzonenko singled out the following factors for the sale and purchase of land, namely non-cash payment, the proof of the source of the buyer’s funds, sale price for agricultural plots allocated from land shares should be not less than their monetary value until 1.01.2030. The right to purchase land for farming purposes in its normative monetary value with installments for up to 10 years will be granted to 1) citizens of Ukraine entitled to the permanent use or lifelong inherited possession, 2) tenants who reinstated such a right before 2010. The preferential right belongs (except in some cases) to 1) subsoil users of minerals of national importance, which is confirmed by the information of the State Land Cadastre (hereinafter – ‘’SLC’’), 2) tenants, which is confirmed by the information of the SLC and the State Register of Real Rights to Immovable Property.  

Viktor Kobylyansky, Director of the Open Knowledge Land Law Center, Lawyer, Chairman of the AAU Land Law Committee, Member of the Public Council at the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, Member of the Agrarian Committee of the CCI of Ukraine, informed on the consequences of lifting the moratorium on alienation of agricultural land, possibilities for legal acquisition of land for agricultural purposes, legalization of land rights acquired under various schemes used to circumvent the moratorium, redistribution of the agricultural land market, increased investment in agriculture, development of the land mortgage loans, development of unproductive land, etc.

Viktor Kobylyansky
Director of the Open Knowledge Land Law Center. Photo: ProAgro Group

“We have three laws in total – on land market, deregulation, land auction. Now we want to predict how everything will unfold and what we need to prepare for. When they say that the land market opened on July 1, it is the wrong formulation. This market has existed since 1992, but part of this market has been limited: namely agricultural commodity lands and land shares for personal farming. Other agricultural lands were sold freely. Now, by the way, it’s a little harder to sell them. Redistribution of the agricultural land market – in my opinion, will definitely happen. A person, if he does not want to work on the land or cannot, will sooner or later sell this land plot. Eventually, the land will appear in the hands of those who are willing to make the most profit from it and are therefore willing to pay for it. The question is, how quickly will such a redistribution take place in Ukraine? Of course, the active phase will come from 2024, when legal entities will be able to buy land. In my opinion, the 1,100 agreements that have been concluded in these few weeks are not an impressive result, I think that the number will increase very slowly because the land is a bit overvalued. Why is it overvalued? It is probably too early to talk about the market value when the market is just being formed. But if you look at the previous rental market, there is a curve of the rent growth curve, at some point this curve went up sharply …”, – said Mr. Kobylyansky. 

What are the consequences of lifting the moratorium on the alienation of agricultural land, according to Mr. KobylyanskyThe expert suggested dividing them into three blocks: 

1. Economic   

· Gradual (possibly fairly rapid) redistribution of the agricultural land market. Eventually, agricultural land will be owned by individuals (mostly legal entities) who are able to ensure their most efficient use (through which they will be able to offer a higher price for the land).  

· Increased investment in agriculture (including with securities).  

· Development of lending secured by a mortgage (land).  

· Increase in revenues to state and local budgets.  

· Positive impact on the economy as a whole (GDP growth due to “warming” of the market and increased investment).  

2. Land 

· Intensification of agricultural land use.  

· Improving (possibly insignificant and slow) the state of soil fertility, land protection from erosion, land reclamation, etc.  

· Development of unproductive lands.  

3. Legal 

· Possibility of legal acquisition of agricultural land plots.

Thus, the main legal consequences include legalization of land rights acquired under various schemes used to circumvent the moratorium (emphyteusis, long-term leases, powers of attorney, previous agreements) and the emergence of new legal schemes aimed at circumventing the lessee’s preemptive right to acquire land plots and indirect acquisition of land by legal entities (before 2024) and non-residents of Ukraine.  

Vadym Tereshchuk, deputy of the Odessa City Council, member of the Standing Committee on Communal Property, Economic, Investment Policy and Entrepreneurship, emphasized the legal basis for the use and protection of maritime transport lands in Ukraine. According to Mr. Tereshchuk, Odessa, among all the cities with a population of millions, has the smallest area and the city is literally suffocating within its borders. Therefore, today the development of transport areas and agglomerations is extremely important.

Vadym Tereshchuk
Deputy of the Odessa City Council, member of the Standing Committee on Communal Property, Economic, Investment Policy and Entrepreneurship

“We have 32 kilometers of coastline. A significant part of it is occupied by the port of Odessa with the status of the land of maritime transport. Let’s be honest, the port as it is today will not exist long as shown by the experience of other cities and countries. It is abnormal that iron ore concentrate is being unloaded near residential buildings. We live by the sea, but the use of port capacity in its current form has a serious impact on the environment in terms of clean air. After Ukraine lost Russian transit, port capacity far exceeds the number of cargos. Observing how the industrial areas are developing, not only the port but also the land of maritime transport, we can conclude that the purpose of their use has changed. There you can build promenades, hotels, but much depends on the city council and its work. After all, the building projects start with the obtainment of the city terms issued by the architectural services of the city. It is the city that changes the purpose of the land and issues many other permits. Such problems as delays in reviewing documentation seriously affect investors’ decisions and the cost of projects, which ultimately will be paid by the consumer. At the same time, along with the city, where the documentation is difficult to agree on, there is an active development of local communities with more prospects and free land,” commented Mr. Tereshchuk.  

Summing up the experts’ speeches, Mr. Nitsevych focused on the myths that have been debunked today and stressed that the opening of the land market is a more positive development, but preparations for the opening of the land market should be made, as there are some shortcomings related to legislation.  

In general, the experts of the Association are convinced that the opening of the land market in Ukraine will contribute to the economic growth of the country and increase the investment attractiveness of Ukraine and the Ukrainian agricultural sector particularly. Thus, the implementation of land reform will add to the budgets of various levels about 2 billion dollars which is 1.5% of GDP. In addition, according to World Bank forecasts, the introduction of a liberal land market model could lead to a significant increase in agricultural productivity in Ukraine and annual growth of Ukraine’s economy by an additional 0.5-1.5% per annum over the next 5 years. 

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Electronic sports: the Ukrainian Esports Federation was officially recognised

The Ukrainians will have an official esports selected team: the Ministry of Youth and Sports of Ukraine held a competition, according to the results of which the Ukrainian Esports Federation (UESF) was recognised as a national sports federation.

Source: UESF

By order of the Ministry of Youth and Sports of Ukraine No. 2561 of July 21, 2021, the Ukrainian Esports Federation receives national status and authority to hold official competitions, launch educational programmes, form a network of official training bases for national teams, assign titles and ranks to athletes and other actions necessary for the development of esports in Ukraine.

We continue to do what we did before: creating opportunities for Ukrainian esports players and raising the prestige of Ukraine in the global esports arena. Now we are not only exerting our capabilities but also have the obligations to fulfill.

Ivan Danishevsky, President of UESF

The Ministry’s competition confirmed that UESF fully meets all the necessary requirements for a national sports organization. Including that, since 2018, UESF has been actively developing the field of esports in Ukraine, is a member of international organizations (IESF, GEF, EEF, WESCO, B&R International Esports Association Alliance), and possesses its own material and technical base moreover qualified personnel for the professional development of the industry.

When asked for UESF’s reason for requiring the support of the authorities, Ivan Danishevsky answers:

The problem of Ukrainian e-sports is not the lack of funding. Businesses have already realized the potential of e-sports, and people are willing to make private contributions. The problem of e-sports in Ukraine today is management, the lack of a comprehensive development system and appropriate ecosystem. And these problems can be solved only in cooperation with the state.

Ivan Danishevsky, President of UESF

Over the three and a half years of its activity, UESF has drawn more than UAH 4M in prize money, as well as held more than 330 amateur and professional esports competitions, in which more than 45K athletes took part.

We protect the interests of esports athletes not only in Kyiv, Dnipro or cities with a population of over one million – UESF has regional offices in 23 regions of Ukraine

Artur Yermolaev, UESF Vice President

We remind you that July 17th, 2021, marked the beginning of the Ukrainian Championship in CS:GO and Dota 2. In addition, the national selection for the World Championship from the International Esports Federation will open soon. Also in August, the Federation will hold the third all-Ukrainian online CS:GO tournament #WECAN for people with disabilities.


  • May 25th, 2017: the concept of national sports was introduced into Ukrainian legislation. A meeting of the Verkhovna Rada resulted in the adoption of the law “On Amendments to the Law of Ukraine “On Physical Culture and Sports” regarding recognition of national sports” (project No. 5324).
  • January 12, 2018: date of creation of the UESF public organization
  • January 8th, 2020: at a conference in the Chinese city of Xi’an, the Federation became the founder of the Belt and Road International Esports Association Alliance
  • February 15th, 2020: two Ukrainian federations (Esports Ukraine and UESF) unite under the UESF brand in order to facilitate the development of esports in Ukraine
  • February 21st, 2020: UESF co-founds the European Esports Federation
  • March 26th, 2020: UESF becomes a full member of the International Esports Federation IESF
  • September 16th, 2020: The Ministry of Youth and Sports of Ukraine officially recognises esports as a sport
  • July 21st, 2021: The Ministry of Youth and Sports of Ukraine issues an order granting UESF the status of a national sports federation

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