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Main Business — During the state of war, almost three trillion was raised from the sale of bonds to the state budget

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During the state of war, almost three trillion was raised from the sale of bonds to the state budget

02 Apr, 2024
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During the state of war, almost three trillion was raised from the sale of bonds to the state budget

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According to the NBU Depository, in the first three months of 2024, the government of Ukraine raised UAH 69,024.6 million, USD 763.6 million, and EUR 514.2 million from offering domestic government debt securities through auctions and allocated UAH 26,122.9 million, USD 810.9 million, and EUR 555.5 million for redemption of domestic government debt securities. 

In January–March 2024, the Ministry of Finance borrowed in the domestic debt market UAH 39,250.9 million more (in equivalent) than it spent to redeem domestic government debt securities, specifically UAH 19,132.8 million more in March (in equivalent). The rollover of investments in domestic government debt securities (the ratio of the face value of securities sold at auctions to those redeemed in accordance with the terms of their issue) in January-March was 129% in all currencies at the current official exchange rate. 

In total, from the onset of russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine through 31 March 2024, the government raised UAH 623,200.3 million, USD 6,380.9 million, and EUR 2,227.3 million through primary auctions and allocated UAH 455,494.7 million, USD 6,946.5 million, and EUR 1,806.1 million to redeem domestic government debt securities. 

The domestic debt market was revived thanks to the joint efforts of the government and the National Bank of Ukraine. 

In particular, the NBU allowed the banks to use benchmark domestic government debt securities from the NBU’s list so that the banks can meet up to 50% of their total required reserve ratios, and gradually expanded this list. Furthermore, the NBU enabled  the repatriation by nonresidents of interest payments received after 1 April 2023 on domestic government debt securities, provided they comply with a requirement that the investor shall have owned such domestic government debt securities for a certain minimum period that precedes the receipt of said interest. 

For its part, the government is offering market-based interest rates on domestic government debt securities. In March 2024, the maximum yield on domestic government debt securities offered at auctions was 18.50% per annum for hryvnia-denominated bonds and 4.66% per annum for U.S. dollar-denominated bonds. Euro-denominated war bonds were not issued in March. 

The domestic debt market’s active operation is important for ensuring macrofinancial resilience. On the one hand, macrofinancial resilience is a safeguard against monetary financing of the budget deficit. On the other hand, it is an important instrument for improving the maturity structure of funds in the banking system and mitigating risks to the FX market and price stability. 

Everyone can purchase war bonds now and strengthen the financial resilience of Ukraine. 

Below are the NBU Depository’s detailed statistics on war bonds offered through auctions, as of 1 April 2024. 

As before, primary dealers – the banks – hold the largest portfolio of war bonds. 

Ukrainians and domestic businesses hold the second-largest portfolio of war bonds.  According to 1 April 2024 data, this portfolio comprises:   

  • UAH 50,920.6 million or 27.0% of the total value of purchased hryvnia-denominated war bonds (UAH 51,886.9 million or 29.2% as of 1 March)
  • USD 1,340.6 million or 57.8% of the total value of U.S. dollar-denominated war bonds (USD 1,187.3 million or 51.6% as of 1 March)
  • EUR 109.9 million or 18.2% of the total value of euro-denominated war bonds (EUR 106.2 million or 17.5% as of 1 March).   

Overall, the portfolio of war bonds owned by individuals and legal persons is equivalent to UAH 107.8 billion, according to 1 April 2024 data, up from UAH 48.0 billion on 1 April 2023, an increase of over 2.2 times. 

Nonresidents hold UAH 14,607.4 million, USD 23.6 million, and EUR 0.1 million in war bonds, which have almost doubled in a year (since 1 April 2023), data available on 1 April 2024 show. 

In March 2024, the Ministry of Finance redeemed UAH 15,933.4 million of hryvnia war bonds and USD 262.4 million of U.S. dollar war bonds.  

Find out more about the military domestic government debt securities here. The table presents data at amortized face value. 

For reference:

On 22 March 2022, the NBU began to publish weekly statistics of the NBU Depository related to war bond transactions. At the beginning of 2023, the NBU switched to the monthly publication of relevant releases as of the first day of the month. Previous data are available by tag war bonds.  

The Odessa Journal

The Odessa Journal

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