Wineries of Ukraine: Black Sea coast. Part 2
Even the ancient Romans believed that grapes grown on an inclined plane give a better harvest. Odessa, Mykolaiv and part of Kherson oblasts are characterized by mild winters, which is very important for heat-loving vines.
In particular, it is on the border of the Northern Black Sea coast that the border of uncovered industrial culture passes. Warm and moderately humid autumn promotes the normal development and ripeness of grapes and dry periods before harvesting allow to obtain high-quality grapes.
Inkerman Ukraine LLC
Nova Kakhovka, Kherson region | Velikodolynske, Ovidiopol district, Odessa region
The history of Inkerman wines began in 1961 when the Inkerman Vintage Winery was founded. The enterprise was created based on underground workings of building stone – mshankovy limestone, which was used for post-war reconstruction and construction of the city of Sevastopol. At a depth of 5 to 30 m, galleries with relatively low, constant temperature and humidity were formed, which became a prerequisite for the establishment of a plant of vintage aged wines.
Since the inception of Inkerman wine has been of high quality, produced in accordance with the traditions of classical winemaking. In 2003, the trademark “INKERMAN” was registered. In 2011, the international wine holding Inkerman International was established with its headquarters in Stockholm. In 2014, Inkerman Ukraine LLC was established as a subsidiary of Inkerman International AB.
After difficult geopolitical changes in 2014, Inkerman Ukraine managed to preserve its most valuable resource – people. Leading specialists of the wine industry of Ukraine began to create wines of the highest quality on its mainland. Carefully selecting the best vineyards, closely monitoring the entire process – from growing grapes to bottling. Today, Inkerman Ukraine is one of the few domestic producers that can afford the best raw materials, despite the “good” or “bad” years, harvest or crop failure on a separate terroir.
Inkerman Ukraine produces still and sparkling wines under the brand Inkerman for sale in Ukraine. Still wines are produced in Nova Kakhovka, Kherson region and sparkling in Odessa. The company fully controls the processes of harvesting, transportation, processing, fermentation, aging and bottling of wine.
The company’s production volume in 2018 reached almost 8 million bottles per year. The company produces a wide range of quality natural wines – from the young table and ordinary to the aged of the highest quality, which remain the pride of Ukrainian winemaking.
Vesele, Beryslav district, Kherson region
The first vineyards of one of the oldest and most famous wineries in Ukraine were laid in the estate “Kozatske” (Kherson province) in 1896. Prince Lev Golitsyn, the chief winemaker of the Russian Empire, selected lands for plantations and grape varieties for Prince Trubetsky.
Unique climatic conditions, angle of inclination, the composition of lands, use of advanced technologies in viticulture and winemaking very quickly gave results. Already in 1900 at the World’s Fair in Paris Riesling of this winery was awarded the Grand Prix. In 1902, the winemakers of Prince Trubetskoy were awarded the first prize named after Emperor Alexander III, “for the best Russian grape table wine”, in 1903 “for the exemplary culture of vineyards.”
After 1917, the winery and the lands of Peter Trubetskoy were nationalized. The flagship of Soviet winemaking – Lenin Winery – introduced into the history of winemaking and the whole country the legendary vintage wines “Velvet of Ukraine”, “Pearl of the Steppe”, “Dnieper”, which were considered the hallmark of Ukraine since 1949 and delivered to the British Royal Court. Vintage wines have been awarded 33 gold and silver medals at international exhibitions of the time since 1964.
From 2003 to 2011 the company underwent a global reconstruction. A project of a European-level winery for the production of dry wines using classic French technologies was implemented.
The vineyards are located on the slope of the Kakhovka Reservoir within the Black Sea basin of the Eastern European plain at the coordinates of 46 ° 48 ‘north latitude and 33 ° 21’ east longitude. The area of vineyards reaches 200 hectares. Seedlings of international varieties from the best nurseries in Italy and France. The soil cover of the terroir is represented by southern, insignificantly humus-accumulative medium loamy chernozems.
Guliev Wines Winery
Velikodolynske, Ovidiopol district, Odessa region
The Guliev family is an example of a fourth-generation dynasty of winegrowers and winemakers. One hundred years ago, the history of family viticulture began in Georgia, a famous vineyard region near Telavi. Ruben Guliev was the first member of the family to plant grapes outside Georgia. The idea of creating “Guliev Wines” belongs to Robert Guliev.
By 2005, Robert Guliev already had extensive winemaking experience at the Institute of Viticulture and Enology. V. Tairov. The first vineyards were planted in 1998-1999.
The wines are aged in oak barrels of American and French oaks, there are 295 barrels. White wines are aged for 9 months, and red wines are aged for 12 months.
The vineyards are located between the Black Sea coast and the Dniester estuary. The area of the plot is 1000 hectares – 3300 bushes per hectare. The age of the vine is from 15 years. The climate of the central part of the Odessa region is suitable for growing almost all international grape varieties due to 290 sunny days a year.
The soils of the southern chernozem of loamy and light loamy mechanical composition predominate on the territory. The thickness of the fertile layer reaches 40 centimeters. The roots of grapes receive abundant nutrition, so with a yield of more than 100 quintals per hectare, the wine value of berries is preserved. The density of loamy soils causes a bright range of floral aromas in wines.
46 Parallel Wine Group
Odessa, Kherson and Mykolayiv regions
A young Ukrainian wine company, presented in early 2020. The founders of 46 Parallel Wine Group – Anna and Taras Gorkun – created a family company with the idea that Ukrainian wine can and should be a source of pride. The main credo of the company is “Proudly Ukrainian” *. That is why the wines of 46 Parallel Wine Group are created exclusively from Ukrainian grapes, born on the 46th “wine parallel” of Ukraine – in Kherson, Mykolaiv and Odessa regions.
The company selects the best grapes from the best grape zones of Ukraine, at all stages controls the process of creating wine – from vine to bottle, guaranteeing the quality of its wines.
Wine Group produces sparkling and still wines at the production facilities of Odesavinprom and Vintrest plants (Odessa region), which use advanced technologies and modern equipment, where the company’s staff works and controls all processes regularly.
This year’s production of the limited collections of El Capitan and Grand Admiral wines is 65,000 bottles of wine, including sparkling wines. 23 French oak barrels of Seguin Moreau and Eclat brands are used to age the wines.
White grape varieties: Pinot Blanc, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Riesling Rhine, Rkatsiteli, Muscat group of varieties.
Red grape varieties: Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Saperavi, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Bastardo Magaracki.
Family winery “Kurin”
Kherson, Kherson region
In 1992, Mykola Khalupenko, an agrarian by profession, was allocated 50 hectares of land for the organization of a farm. In 2000, a garden and the first vineyards were established. Since 2011, the main economic activity is the production of grape wines. As a result, a unique compact shop for processing grapes, processing wine materials, bottling and storing wines was built on the farm. This complex is built on the principle of a French chateau.
“Kurin” Winery is a closed-loop enterprise: its own vineyard, wine cellar, workshop, tasting room, hotel with restaurant. There is an ecological approach to production, only bio organics are used. The wine is aged in oak barrels, including 70 barrels only.
Soils: white loam, at a depth of 2 meters limestone. The area of vineyards is 37 hectares. Harvesting is done manually. The age of the vine is from 25 to 6 years. Yields average 5 tons per hectare.
Slivyne, the Nikolaev area, the Nikolaev area
The winery is located in a historic area. From 1900 to 1917 Anatoly Bredikhin founded one of the largest wine chateau in the Mykolaiv region. A group of enthusiasts found the remains of the basement of a chateau near the village of Slivyne. This inspired the Molchanov family in 2012 to plant the first small experimental grape plantation with an area of 0.5 hectares.
In 2017 the owner of the winery, Georgy Molchanov, presented his own wine at tastings and competitions of various levels. There, SliVino wines began to receive the first professional reviews and long-awaited awards. In the same year, a small winery was built in the style of the XIX century.
The plot is located on the slopes of the Southern Bug. The area of vineyards is 6 hectares. Soils: red clay, sandstone. The number of vines per 1 hectare from 2600 to 3300 bushes.
Tastings are regularly held for guests including a group of 2 to 20 people when presenting six items of wine. In the future, a small hotel will be built on the territory of the winery. The hill offers a picturesque view of the Southern Bug.
The production volume is 5,000 liters per year. A barrique made in Ukraine is used to age the wine. The winery creates environmentally friendly wine on wild yeast, without impurities and preservatives. In November 2018, SliVino winery was the first in Ukraine to receive a license for craft winemakers.
Olbio Nouveau Winery
Parutino, Ochakiv district, Mykolaiv region
Olbia is an ancient Greek colony, since the first quarter of VI century BC. Winemaking has been established in this place with its unique natural and landscape conditions. This is a historic site where you can still find artifacts, such as ancient Greek amphorae.
The owner of the winery, Magalyas Pavlo, was born in Moldova and grew up in vineyards from his childhood. And now, when the opportunity arises, he decided to dedicate himself to winemaking. Thus, in 2013 a winery was founded, which was named “Olbio Nouveau”. Harvesting at wineries is done manually. The volume of production per year is 20 thousand liters. In 2020, the winemaker has created an eno-tourist product, which includes wine tastings with treats.
The planting area of vineyards: 10.60 hectares. The age of the vine is from 2014. Soils: dark chestnut low-humus residual-slightly saline medium loam in the forest. Technical grape varieties were planted: Johanicher – 1 ha, Aliberne – 1 ha, Cabernet – 0.5 ha, Irshai Oliver – 0.5 ha, Odessa black and other technical and table varieties.
Klara Marsala Family Winery
Gola Prystan, Kherson region
The Klara Marsala family winery was founded in 2016. Winemaking from a hobby is gradually becoming a serious business. On the homestead, as is customary for craft winemakers, a mini-production was started. It all started with a few dozen liters of dry wine.
The family winery does not have its own vineyards yet. To date, a decision has been made to lay a vineyard near the house. Grapes are bought for wine production in the Kherson region. It is planned to obtain a license for the production of alcoholic beverages
The winery hospitably welcomes visitors for tasting.
Home Wine From Boris
Nikolaev, the Nikolaev area, the Nikolaev area
The family craft winery Home Wine From Boris is located on the terrace of a multi-storey building in the city center. The creators of the wine family – Victoria and Boris which is created it in 2010. The motivation for starting their own winemaking was to create a quality natural wine with a rich taste and aroma.
The main advantage is given by winemakers – red dry wine with high tannins from grapes Cabernet, Merlot, Odessa Black (Aliberne). Thanks to long maceration for up to 10 days, winemakers manage to achieve a tart rich taste and a thick dark ruby color. The alcohol percentage is 15-16% with residual sugar 0.2-0.4%.
Part of the wort immediately after maceration is bottled. Due to further fermentation in bottles, there are natural carbonizing and red sparkling wine stains.
In addition, part of the gravity of the wort immediately after squeezing the grapes is fermented without maceration to create a light rose wine. The same technology is used to prepare white dry and dry sparkling wine from grapes of the Johanicher and Riesling varieties.
At the winery, Italian equipment is used (electric grinder with comb separator, press, stainless steel tanks for fermentation and storage with a floating lid and gates). Volume of 2 – 3 tons of grapes from different regions of the southern Black Sea coast (Mykolaiv and Kherson regions).