Wineries of Ukraine: Transcarpathia
Winemaking in Transcarpathia originated about 2000 years ago. This is due to the fact that the region was in contact with the ancient Roman provinces of Upper Dacia and Pannonia. It is believed that the first winemakers to make wine were the Celts and Dacians.
After collectivization, a mass planting of vineyards began. A special winrest and nursery base have been created. In 1953, the area of vineyards increased to 5,400 hectares. 1200-1500 hectares of new plantations were laid annually. In 1960, vineyards (excluding the individual sector) cover an area of 14.5 thousand hectares, such as the history of the region has not yet known. Vineyards were planted in the Irshava district. Their area reached 3 thousand hectares.
There were also attempts to develop separate areas for vineyards in the Khust and Svalyava districts. When the development of the wine industry began, wineries were built with automatic lines that produce bottled wines.
Chateau Chizay Wine Company
Beregovo, Zakarpattia region
Chateau Chizay wine complex was founded in 1995 in the Chizay tract near the town of Beregovo in Transcarpathia. Modern production was built here taking into account the local history of winemaking. The founder of the wine complex is Gennady Yosypovych Gutman, who made a lot of effort to develop and restore modern winemaking in the Transcarpathian region. The company is a de facto example of efficient management with a European approach to business.
Production reaches 1.6 million bottles per year. 120 oak barrels made of French and Hungarian oak are used to age the wine.
The area of vineyards is 272 hectares on the perfect terroirs of Transcarpathia. The terroir is located in three areas spread over the hills.
The town of Berehove, Mala Gora – an area of 70 hectares, 280 thousand seedlings. Mukachevo district, the village of Zavydovo – an area of 81 hectares, 324 thousand seedlings. Irshava district, Mydyanytsia village – area 121 hectares, 484 thousand saplings.
The density of planting vines is from 3 to 4 thousand vines per 1 ha. This is more than one million bushes. To date, 14 varieties of grapes are cultivated: Traminer pink, Riesling Rhine, Muscat Ottonel, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc.
“Chateau Chizay” offers a variety of programs for recreation: wine tours, a tour of the production, wine tasting, and a tour of the Chizai Valley. The real pride of the company is the museum of winemaking. The tourist products is thought over in detail and calculated for various segments of the tourist market: from individual to corporate customers.
Muzhievo, Berehiv district, Zakarpattia region
Contnar Winery is a modern full-cycle plant. Wines are produced under the close supervision of winemaker Vince Bale. The revival of centuries-old traditions of winemaking in the region began in 1996. The first varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Traminer Pink and Muscat Ottonel were planted in 2007.
Transcarpathia has a preserved natural ecosystem, so the soil and water are enriched with natural minerals. In this region, many mineral springs saturate the land on which the vineyards grow, not only moisture but also valuable trace elements.
Area of vineyards is 180 hectares. The specific soil and climatic conditions of the area made it possible to identify several micro-wine zones and make both thin, tender, fresh, table, and quite extractive and oily dessert wines. Good conditions for the development of viticulture provide the warmest southern slopes in Transcarpathia near the village of Muzhievo. In these places, the highest average annual temperature in the region is not more than 11 ° С and the longest frost-free period, which ensures the ripening of the latest grape varieties.
Today 12 main varieties are grown. In particular, Riesling Rhine, Traminer, Isabella and Rkatseteli, which grow on the slopes of Kotnar, are the best wines from white grapes.
The winery has its own tasting room. Guests have the opportunity to book an interesting tour of the winery “COTNAR” and see for themself the whole process of winemaking. The company has a small wine shop and an exhibition of wine artifacts.
Stakhovsky Wines Winery
Muzhievo, Berehiv district, Zakarpattia region
Stakhovsky Wines – a new Ukrainian wine from the first racket of Ukraine Serhiy Stakhovsky. The idea to master winemaking came at the end of 2015 after a long work in France. It was then that the prominent tennis player rented 20 hectares of land in Transcarpathia (the village of Muzhievo) and began to grow Merlot, Saperavi and Traminer Pink. The winemaker harvested the first crop in 3 years in 2018.
The grapes ripen in the village of Muzhievo – in one of the best wine-growing regions of Transcarpathia. The terrain is hilly and the exposition of the slopes is extremely favorable: the warmest southwestern depressions of the Carpathians and the adjacent part of the Middle Danube Lowland are protected by the Carpathians from the cold northern and dry east winds. Height above sea level: 100-250 meters (the best vineyards in Europe – 100-300 meters). The sum of active temperatures: 3300-3500 degrees. Annual precipitation: up to 650 millimeters. Climate: temperate continental.
In total, the wineries plan to produce about 60,000 bottles of wine annually. Stakhovsky Wines uses Kotnar Hill wineries in the village of Muzhievo in the Beregovoe region.
White grapes: Traminer Pink.
Red grape varieties: Merlot, Saperavi.
Carl Shosh Winery
Kidosh, Berehiv district, Zakarpattia region
Carlo Shosh is a Hungarian, winegrower and winemaker of the third generation.
He has been engaged in winemaking for more than a quarter of a century, namely since 1992. Since 2003 he has been a member of the only Knightly Wine Order of St. Wenceslas in Ukraine, which has more than forty members. All of them popularize the traditions and culture of the wine region, and with their ascetic work help to revive the forgotten craft.
Over the last 15 years, the Shosh family’s wines have won numerous awards at wine competitions at various levels, particularly in Slovakia.
The family serves 7.5 hectares of vineyards (with a plan to expand to 10 hectares), which grow about 60 table and wine grapes. The vineyards are located on the southern slope of the mountain near the village. The oldest vine is 70 years old. The main varieties of grapes: Traminer, Royal Leanca, Muscat Ottonel, Golubok, Merlot, Oporto, Bakator, Seremsky Zeleny, Furmint, Garshlevel, Chersegi Füsersch.
Wine tasting is held in a cozy tasting room for 48 guests located next to the wine cellar, where you can try more than 40 varieties of unique Transcarpathian wines. This is probably the biggest offer for tasting among small family farms.
The production volume is 25-30 thousand liters of wine per year. White and red, dry and dessert wines are made at home according to traditional technologies aged in oak barrels, using old and own recipes. Almost 100 barrels are used for aging and storage of wine, the oldest of which will be 108 years old this year.
Vasily Nadia’s family Nota Bene winery
Beregovo, Zakarpattia region
The history of the Nagy family’s family wine business began in 1994. The family farm is headed by a winegrower-winemaker Nadia Vasyl Pavlovych.
The real pride of the winemaker is the basement under the house. Their length reaches more than 120 meters, and they are more than three hundred years old. There is a wine storage.
Today the area of vineyards is 2 hectares, from which the owner receives wine. The youngest grapes are 8 years old. However, the family did not stop there and recently planted another 2 hectares of grapes. The vineyards are located in the village of Muzhievo, it is more than 16 thousand bushes.
The production volume is about 20 thousand liters of wine per year. The wines are stored in 60 oak barrels made of Transcarpathian oak of various volumes. Stable temperature, + 12 ° C, and humidity contribute to the good storage of this wonderful drink.
Own grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, Muscat Ottonel, Chersegi Füsersch, Irshai Oliver, Blau Burgunder. Such varieties as: Müller Thurgau, Zweigelt are purchased for wine production.
Mukachevo, Transcarpathian region
Terroir Farm was founded in 2018. The winery is located in ancient caves of the XIII-XIV centuries and is equipped with modern Italian equipment. During production, the correct technology of winemaking is followed. All wines – dry, natural, varietal. The wine is stored in caves at a stable temperature of 9-11 ° C and natural humidity.
Young vineyards are planted near the protected tract “Shiroky”, where the ideal terroir for growing grapes, namely, the special composition of the soil, the presence of a nearby pond and forest.
The vineyards are located on the slopes, where the wind rose. At a distance of 500 m from the vineyards, there is a tea plantation since the 1950s. The winery also has its own vineyards in the Beregovo district. The planting area of the vineyards is 3 hectares. The density of planting vines – 4000 bushes per 1 hectare. The age of the vine is from 25 years. Exclusively manual collection. Limestone soils.
White grape varieties: Muscat Ottonel, Mueller Thurgau, Traminer Pink, Chersegi Fuseres.
Red grape varieties: Zweigelt, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot.
The caves also have a wine museum, a hall of aged wines in French barriques (bookmarking wines in barriques in 2018), as well as stylized tasting rooms. Tasting is subject to pre-order, number from 10 to 100 people.
Mukachevo, Transcarpathian region
The Muska family winery owns 0.12 hectares of vineyards. The attraction to winemaking at the owner, Musky Vitaly, was put since childhood. Since childhood, the future winemaker helped his grandfather to cultivate grapes in the village of Verkhni Remety in the Beregovoe region.
Now Muska wine-growing vineyards are located in several districts of Transcarpathia. 420 Cabernet Sauvignon bushes were planted in the village of Upper Remety (0.12 ha). 200 bushes of grape varieties Chersegi Fuseres, Citron Magaracha, Kadarka were planted in the village. Minay (0.06 ha). In the village Selmensy there are 300 bushes of Traminer Rozhevy, 550 bushes of Golubka, 200 bushes of Livadia black, Riesling and Kadarka are grown on 0.6 ha.
Since 2019, production has doubled. Due to the increase in production capacity: up to 5 thousand liters in stainless steel tanks and up to 4 thousand liters in Transcarpathian oak tanks. At the time of registration, the farm also obtained a license. The label design has been updated, and the quality of the wine has reached a new level. The winemaker is also experimenting with the technology of producing wine from late-harvest grapes, with berries that have turned into raisins on the vine and are affected by “noble mold”.
Bene, Berehiv district, Zakarpattia region
The winegrowers Varga Ondrash, a knight of the Knight’s Wine Order named after St. Wenceslas, and Varga Istvan started their own family winery. A characteristic feature of growers is the cultivation of grapes and growing ready-made seedlings for winemaking. In fact, most small vineyards buy vines from the Varga family. Family traditions are passed down from generation to generation by growers. A small exposition of wine products is an example of how to preserve family heirlooms.
The area of vineyards is 2 hectares. The age of the vine is 20 years. About 70 varieties of grapes are cultivated. Seven oak barrels from local and Hungarian oak are used for aging and storage of wine. The production volume reaches 5 thousand liters per year.
In a small tasting room you can taste unforgettable wines from this region of Transcarpathia and hear a fascinating story with an incendiary local flavor.
Agro-industrial firm “Leanka”
Serednye village, Zakarpattia region
Leanka Agro-Industrial Company is an enterprise for winemaking, production and processing of agricultural products, founded in 1946. It is one of the oldest wineries in the Transcarpathian region. “Leanka” is a grape variety, translated from Hungarian means “girl” and is one of the most popular varieties in the region.
The history of the cellars of Serednyansky Castle dates back to 1557. The cellars have long been called Turkish, their total length is 4.5 km. At first, the dungeons served as a shelter for people at the count’s court from enemy attacks. Historical wine cellars in the village. Sredne of Uzhhorod district is an architectural monument of the 16th century, it is 462 years old. Serednyansky wine cellars are listed by UNESCO as one of the ten best wine cellars in Europe.
Excavated basements in tuff is a rock of volcanic origin. Through the capillaries in it, fresh air constantly enters the dungeon. This is very important for the technology of aging real wines for 3-5 years, according to European traditions. The temperature of + 12 ° С is constantly kept inside the basements. These are ideal conditions for aging wines.
Chateau Pauk Winery
Pistryalovo, Mukachevo district, Zakarpattia region
Chateau Pauk is a farm that grows and sells grapes and makes natural wines. Winemaker Pauk Ivan Fedorovych, a farmer and agrarian by vocation, has been working in the agricultural sector of Transcarpathia since 1995. His own winery was founded in 2013.
The production volume reaches 50 thousand liters per year. Plastic and stainless steel tanks are used in the production. The construction of a winery with new equipment to increase production capacity will be completed near the vineyards soon.
The vineyards were planted in 2005-2006. The area planted with vineyards reaches 32 hectares, of which European varieties 27.5 hectares. The density of planting vines is 3300 bushes per 1 hectare. Sod-podzolic gley soils. The vineyards in excellent condition are mostly located on the hills near Mukachevo up to 200 meters above sea level. Until a certain time, grapes were sold and bought by other wineries.
White grapes: Gewürztraminer, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Bianca, Muscat Golodriga.
Red grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Ruby Golodrigi
Stifko Wine Manufactory
Klyucharky, Mukachevo district, Zakarpattia region
The family winery, founded by winemaker Garnovdiy Oleksandr Vasyliovych in 2018 in his own estate. The very name of the winery comes from the name of the great-grandfather of the winemaker, who was at the head of the pedigree. As of 2020, the documents for obtaining a license for the production of alcoholic beverages have been submitted.
The production volume is 10 thousand liters per year. Stainless steel tanks are used in the production. As of 2020, the total volume is 10,000 liters, and 20 barrels of Transcarpathian oak, 150 and 300 liters each, are also used for aging.
The planting area of the vineyards is 1 hectare. The area is also expanding, with the prospect of expanding from 5 to 30 hectares in the future. It is also planned to plant new varieties of Kadarka grapes, Cake Frank, soon.
White grape varieties: Mueller Thurgau, Harshlevel, Lipovina, Palava, Solaris.
Red grape varieties: Blau Burgunder, Saperavi.